For the devices I tend to make the Raspberry PI is intended to be a controller or sensor of some sort that does not usually have a visual interface attached. It is nice to have the device setup so that all critical functions are easily accessible, and the device be able to give indications of type. Certainly LEDS are easy to implement on the PI. A simple transistor allows us to interface a wide assortment of devices. In this case I want to interface a piezo buzzer to provide audible alerts for device activity.
Now granted, I could attach a plain speaker to the appropriate port and play audio files. There is a lot of overhead to doing that and it would be way overkill for what I am trying to accomplish. Generally I am looking for a beep at power up, maybe a tone when the network is down, an alarm for a sensor – you know.
A simple circuit is all you need –
6.8 K worked for me, but you should match R1 to the transistor you are using. This makes for an audible tone that is not too loud. If you need a reference to calculate R1 this is a good source: https://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/transistor/tran_4.html
Python code to implement tones could not be simpler. Using gpiozero‘s buzzer can give basic beep or tonal buzzer can be used to create compelling tones. Pwmled can also be used to give an attention getting alert.
from gpiozero import PWMLED import time buzzer = PWMLED(13) buzzer.pulse(fade_in_time=0.5, fade_out_time=0.2, n=10, background=True) time.sleep(10)
Vary the fade_in_time and fade_out_time to experiment with tones. I’ll be using some variation of this implementation in the upcoming m2ag.labs IoT framework for general device side alerting. As I develop tones I will add them the the m2ag.labs example repo. I’d be happy to include your tones of you create a pull request.
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